8. Dilemma/Issues: Theft


Theft is the taking of another person’s property without that person’s permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it. The word is also used as an informal shorthand term for some crimes against property, such as burglary, embezzlement, larceny, looting, robbery, shoplifting, library theft and fraud.

Types of Identity Theft

Identity theft can enter into many areas of our lives. It involves any instance where a person uses someone else’s identification documents or other identifiers in order to impersonate that person for whatever reason.


  • Criminal identity theft (posing as another person when apprehended for a crime)
  • Financial identity theft (using another’s identity to obtain credit, goods and services)
  • Identity cloning (using another’s information to assume his or her identity in daily life)
  • Medical identity theft (using another’s identity to obtain medical care or drugs)
  • Child identity theft.

What is Identity Theft?

Identity theft occurs when someone uses another’s personal information such as name, Social Security number, driver’s license number, credit card number or other identifying information to take on that person’s identity in order to commit fraud or other crimes.



Call center agent arrested for Facebook ‘identity theft’


Posted at 04/20/2012 6:23 PM | Updated as of 04/20/2012 10:11 PM

MANILA, Philippines – A call center agent is facing multiple charges after she was caught receiving money from an Australian man whom she tricked through social networking site Facebook.

The suspect, identified as Louella Tan, allegedly created a fake Facebook account using photographs of Fil-Norwegian commercial model Janka Cederstam.

Tan used the alias “Jen Matheson” on the site.

Cederstam said she received a call from an Australian who claimed that he met “Matheson” through Facebook.

The Australian, whose identity was not revealed, said he often chatted online with “Matheson” until she became his girlfriend.

He said the suspect had convinced him to send money to the Philippines because the suspect claimed there is no one to support her financially as both her parents are dead.

Identity theft

Cederstam immediately filed a complaint with the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) against the identity thief and a sting operation was set up.

Tan was arrested by the NBI Technical Investigation Division while she was collecting the money sent by the Australian.

“Nag-create siya ng new account, binago ang name pero pinalitaw na same person. Dahil maganda ang nasa picture, maraming nag-add as friends. Eventually had a relationship with this Australian national. ‘Yung Australian national naman, believing na may online relationship sila, was enticed to send money via Western Union dito sa Pilipinas,” said Palmer Mallari, chief of the NIB’s Technical Investigation Division.

Tan said she was able to trace Cederstam’s personal background through Facebook.

“Itong anak ko inaalagaan ko ang reputasyon, pinaaral para magkaroon ng magandang reputasyon, sa’yo lang masira?” Cederstam’s mother told Tan following her arrest.

NBI warned the public against identity theft common on social networking sites.

“It is the act of stealing one’s identity name, pictures, personal circumstances. Tapos ‘yung identity na ito gagamitin to commit crimes such as estafa, extortion, libel, etcetera. Pero ang term na identity theft mismo ‘di pa na naka-define sa laws, hindi pa specifically krimen sa Pilipinas,” said Mallari.

Privacy settings

Mallari advised Facebook users to utilize the site’s privacy settings to prevent cases of identity theft.

“Kung pupuwede huwag ilagay ang totoong pictures, birthday mo, kung saan ka nakatira, huwag mo rin ilagay ang mga activities mo doon because by doing this lalo ka lang mago-open sa mga tao na may intensiyong lokohin ka,” he said.

The site has customized privacy settings to allow users to hide vital information from strangers.

On her Facebook page, Cederstam posted:

“It puts mine and my family’s reputation at stake! I’ll start deleting ‘friends’ on FB, will just keep those I’m actually close to as I see my photos on different websites even though it is set on private. To all the posers out there, stop doing what you’re doing because you will get caught and brought to JAIL, just like this chick who we tracked for 3 and a half weeks now.”

Tan will face charges of estafa, violation of the E-Commerce Law and illegal use of alias. — Report from Maan Macapagal, ABS-CBN News.

The Philippine Laws that I’ll apply in this dilemma/issue is Intellectual Property rights and Cybercrime Prevention act of 2010 and the agency that I’ll implement is National Bureau of Investigation.


One thought on “8. Dilemma/Issues: Theft

  1. Pingback: 8. Dilemma/Issues: Theft | BSIT - Professional Ethics

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